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Plantwise Pesticide Red List

It is Plantwise policy that plant doctors should not recommend the use of chemicals that are banned or restricted by international agreements. The table below lists the pesticides identified as Classes Ia and Ib by the WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard, as well as pesticides banned or restricted by the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.

Please note: This table was last updated on 27 September 2017. Under these agreements, procedures exist for restricting additional chemicals and, as a consequence, the list of restricted chemicals changes on a regular basis. Refer to the websites of the agreements (given below) for the most up-to-date lists of banned and restricted pesticides. Likewise, the websites provide additional information on the hazards associated with each chemical.

Download Pesticide Red List PDF    

 

International agreements under which the pesticide is restricted

Active ingredient

WHO Classification[i]

Rotterdam Convention (PIC)[ii]

Stockholm Convention (POP)[iii]

Montreal Protocol[iv]

2,4,5-T and its salts and esters

Ia

X

   

3-Chloro-1,2-propanediol

Ib

     

Acrolein

Ib

     

Alachlor

 

X

   

Aldicarb

Ia

X

   

Aldrin

Ib

X

X

 

Allyl alcohol

Ib

     

Alpha hexachlorocyclohexane

   

X

 

Alphachlorohydrin, also called 3-Chloro-2,3-propanediol

Ib

     

Azinphos-ethyl

Ib

     

Azinphos-methyl

Ib

X

   

Benomyl

 

X[v]

 

 

Binapacryl

 

X

   

Beta hexachlorocyclohexane

   

X

 

Beta-cyfluthrin

Ib

 

 

 

Blasticidin-S

Ib

     

Brodifacoum

Ia

     

Bromadiolone

Ia

     

Bromethalin

Ia

     

Butocarboxim

Ib

     

Butoxycarboxim

Ib

     

Cadusafos

Ib

     

Calcium arsenate

Ib

     

Calcium cyanide

Ia

     

Captafol

Ia

X

   

Carbofuran

Ib

X

   

Chlordane

 

X

X

 

Chlordecone

   

X

 

Chlordimeform

 

X

   

Chlorethoxyfos

Ia

     

Chlorfenvinphos

Ib

     

Chlormephos

Ia

     

Chlorobenzilate

 

X

   

Chlorophacinone

Ia

     

Coumaphos

Ib

     

Coumatetralyl

Ib

     

CVP, also called Chlorfenvinphos

Ib

     

Cyfluthrin / Beta-cyfluthrin

Ib

     

DDT (Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane)

 

X

X[vi]

 

DDVF, also called Dichlorvos

Ib

     

DDVP, also called Dichlorvos

Ib

     

Demeton-S-methyl

Ib

     

Dichlorvos

Ib

     

Dicrotophos

Ib

     

Dieldrin

Ia

X

X

 

Difenacoum

Ia

     

Difethialone

Ia

     

Difolatan, also called Captafol

Ia

     

Dinitro-ortho-cresol (DNOC) and its salts (such as ammonium salt, potassium salt and sodium salt)

Ib

X

   

Dinoseb and its salts and esters

Ib

X

   

Dinoterb

Ib

     

Diphacinone

Ia

     

Disulfoton

Ia

     

DMTP, also called  Methidathion

Ib

     

EDB (1,2-dibromoethane)

 

X

   

EDDP, also called Edifenphos

Ib

     

Edifenphos

Ib

     

Endosulfan (technical endosulfan) and its related isomers

 

X

X

 

Endrin

   

X

 

Ethyl p-nitrophenyl phenylphosphorothioate (EPN)

Ia

     

Ethiofencarb

Ib

     

Ethoprop, also called  Ethoprophos

Ia

     

Ethoprophos

Ia

     

Ethylene dichloride

 

X

   

Ethylene oxide

 

X

   

Ethylthiometon, also called Disulfoton

Ia

     

Famphur

Ib

     

Fenamiphos

Ib

     

Flocoumafen

Ia

     

Flucythrinate

Ib

     

Fluoroacetamide

Ib

X

   

Formetanate

Ib

     

Furathiocarb

Ib

     

Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and its mixed isomers

Ib

X

   

Heptachlor

 

X

X

 

Heptenophos

Ib

     

Hexachlorobenzene

Ia

X

X

 

Isoxathion

Ib

     

Lead arsenate

Ib

     

Lindane (gamma-HCH)

 

X

X

 

M74, also called Disulfoton

Ia

     

Mecarbam

Ib

     

Mercaptodimethur, also called Methiocarb

Ib

     

Mercuric chloride

Ia

X

   

Mercuric oxide

Ib

X

   

Mercury compounds, including inorganic mercury compounds, alkyl mercury compounds and alkyloxyalkyl and aryl mercury compounds

 

X

   

Metaphos, also called Methyl-parathion

Ia

X[vii]

   

Methamidophos

Ib

X

   

Methidathion

Ib

     

Methiocarb

Ib

     

Methomyl

Ib

     

Methyl bromide

     

X

Methylmercapthphos teolovy, also called Demeton-S-methyl

Ib

     

Methyl-parathion

Ia

X[vii]

   

Metilmerkaptophosoksid, also called Oxydemeton-methyl

Ib

     

Metriltriazotion, also called Azinphos-methyl

Ib

     

Mevinphos

Ia

     

Mirex

   

X

 

Monocrotophos

Ib

X

   

Nicotine

Ib

     

Omethoate

Ib

     

Oxamyl

Ib

     

Oxydemeton-methyl

Ib

     

Parathion

Ia

X

   

Parathion-methyl, also called Methyl-parathion

Ia

X[vii]

 

 

Paris green

Ib

     

Pentachlorobenzene

   

X

 

Pentachlorophenol

Ib

X[viii]

 X  

Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid

 

 

X[ix]

 

Phenylmercury acetate

Ia

     

Phorate

Ia

     

Phosphamidon

Ia

X[x]

   

Propetamphos

Ib

     

Sodium arsenite

Ib

     

Sodium cyanide

Ib

     

Sodium fluoracetate

Ia

     

Strychnine

Ib

     

Sulfotep

Ia

     

Tebupirimfos

Ia

     

Tefluthrin

Ib

     

Terbufos

Ia

     

Thallium sulfate

Ib

     

Thiram

 

X[v]

 

 

Thiofanox

Ib

     

Thiofos, also called Parathion

Ia

X

   

Thiometon

Ib

     

Thioxamyl, also called Oxamyl

Ib

     

Timet, also called Phorate

Ia

     

Toxaphene (Camphechlor)

 

X

X

 

Triazophos

Ib

     

Triazotion, also called Azinphos-ethyl

Ib

     

Tributyl tin compounds

 

X

   

Trichlorfon

 

X

   

Vamidothion

Ib

     

Warfarin

Ib

     

Zeta-cypermethrin

Ib

     

Zinc phosphide

Ib

     


[i] WHO classification of pesticides by hazard - Extremely and highly hazardous pesticides: http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/pesticides_hazard_2009.pdf

[ii] Rotterdam Convention Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade - Annex III: http://www.pic.int/TheConvention/Chemicals/AnnexIIIChemicals/tabid/1132/language/en-US/Default.aspx

[iii] Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants - pesticides targeted for elimination and with restrictions for production and use: http://chm.pops.int/Convention/ThePOPs/ListingofPOPs/tabid/2509/Default.aspx

[iv] Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer – substances being phased out: http://ozone.unep.org/new_site/en/Treaties/treaties_decisions-hb.php?sec_id=5

[v] Dustable powder formulations containing a combination of benomyl at or above 7%, carbofuran at or above 10% and thiram at or above 15%

[vi] Production and use restricted to disease vector control

[vii] Emulsifiable concentrates (EC) at or above 19.5% active ingredient and dusts at or above 1.5% active ingredient

[viii] As well as its salts and esters

[ix] Acceptable  purpose for production and use restricted to insect baits for control of leaf-cutting ants from Atta spp. and Acromyrmex spp. Specific exemption for control of red imported fire ants and termites.

[x] Soluble liquid formulations of the substance that exceed 1000 g active ingredient/l