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Molecular characterization of a new recombinant brassica yellows virus infecting tobacco in China.

Wang Qian ; Xu FangZheng ; An LuLu ; Xiang HaiYing ; Zhang WeiHua ; Liu GuanShan ; Liu HaoBao

Virus Genes 2019 Vol 55 No. 2 pp. 253-256;


Brassica yellows virus (BrYV), prevalently distributed throughout mainland China and South Korea while triggering serious diseases in cruciferous crops, is proposed to be a new species in the genus Polerovirus within the family Luteoviridae. There are three distinct genotypes (BrYV-A, BrYV-B and BrYV-C) reported in cabbage and radish. Here, we describe a new BrYV isolate infecting tobacco plants in the field, which was named BrYV-NtabQJ. The complete genome sequence of BrYV-NtabQJ is 5741 nt in length, and 89% of the sequence shares higher sequence identities (about 90%) with different BrYV isolates. However, it possesses a quite divergent region within ORF5, which is more close to Beet western yellows virus (BWYV), Beet mild yellowing virus (BMYV) and Beet chlorosis virus (BChV). A significant recombination event was then detected among BrYV-NtabQJ, BrYV-B Beijng isolate (BrYV-BBJ) and BWYV Leonurus sibiricus isolate (BWYV-LS). It is proposed that BrYV-NtabQJ might be an interspecific recombinant between BrYV-BBJ and BWYV-LS, and the recombination might result in the successful aphid transmission of BrYV from cruciferous crops to tobacco. And it also poses new challenges for BrYV diagnosis and the vegetable production.