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First record of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick, 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in Burkina Faso.

Son, D. ; Bonzi, S. ; Somda, I. ; Bawin, T. ; Boukraa, S. ; Verheggen, F. ; Francis, F. ; Legreve, A. ; Schiffers, B.

African Entomology 2017 Vol 25 No. 1 pp. 259-263;

Abstract

During a survey on plant protection practices conducted in March 2016, several tomato leafminers were captured in vegetable crops at Goinré site (Ouahigouya) in the northern region of Burkina Faso. The galleries were located between leaf epidermal layers, and were conspicuous, irregularly spaced and of variable sizes. These galleries contained larvae with small heaps of frass found also near the entrance holes. Galleries were visible on the surface of green and red tomato fruits. Leafminer adults were also found directly in tomato plots. Infested tomato fruits, larvae, pupae and adults were collected in the infested plots for further examination. Based on male genitalia, all specimens were identified as Tuta absoluta. This is thought to be the first record of this important tomato pest in Burkina Faso. Short information is given on the pest possible arrival in the country, ecological requirements, potential to cause serious yield losses in the major tomato-producing areas in Burkina Faso, and management.