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Species Page

bamboo tiger longicorn

Chlorophorus annularis
This information is part of a full datasheet available in the Crop Protection Compendium (CPC). Find out more information on how to access the CPC.
©CAB International. Published under a CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 licence.

Distribution

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Invasive
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Host plants / species affected

Main hosts

show all species affected
Bambusa (bamboo)
Bambusa multiplex (hedge bamboo)
Bambusa polymorpha
Bambusa tulda (bengal bamboo)
Bambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)
Citrus
Dendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)
Dipterocarpus tuberculatus
Gossypium (cotton)
Indosasa crassiflora
Phyllostachys reticulata
Saccharum officinarum (sugarcane)
Sinocalamus
Vitis (grape)
Zea mays (maize)

List of symptoms / signs

Stems - internal feeding
Stems - visible frass

Symptoms

This organism is primarily a borer of cut, dry bamboo. Symptoms indicating infestation would be the presence of circular-oval emergence holes, 2 to 3 mm in diameter.

Prevention and control

Cultural Control

The removal and destruction of infested material could eradicate C. annularis from living hosts.

Physical Control

Bamboo canes suspected of being infested with C. annularis could be submersed in hot water, for example at 56°C for 30 minutes or at 38 to 55°C for 48 hours. Such temperature exposure will kill any C. annularis present. Alternatively, canes could be frozen to -20°C for 7 days.

Chemical Control

Chemical treatment of the larvae and adults is possible (Duffy, 1968; EPPO, 1994). However, fumigation is costly, and chemical treatment may be of little or no value because of the expense.

For complete protection of bamboo, Duffy (1968) gives the following procedure: immersing in water for 5 days, followed by drying in a covered shed for several days, and finally soaking in crude petroleum ("Rangoon oil") for 2 days.





Impact

The significance of C. annularis as a pest depends upon which host it attacks. Hill (1983) notes that C. annularis is not of particular importance in sugarcane whereas, in contrast, Weidner (1982) considers C. annularis as a serious and damaging pest of bamboo. Bamboo can be high value, ornamental plants so the potential importance of C. annularis can be significant. In the USA, C. annularis is considered a potential pest of nursery stock.