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PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN AND YELLOW LIST

Wild finger millet in Finger Millet

Eleusine indica Kasibanti (Luganda)
Uganda
  • Avoid overgrazing because it provides ideal condition for wild finger millet establishment
  • Mulch soil and cover with transparent plastic to kill weed seeds down to 5 cm (soil solarization)
  • Purchase certified clean seed to avoid introduction through contamination
  • Avoid run off through the fields by making soil bunds because seeds are can be spread by water especially if there are surrounding infested fields
  • Proper land tillage (first and second ploughing) to reduce compaction, improve drainage and aeration reduces wild finger millet growth
  • Tufted annual grass, spreading or stands straight, up to 40 cm tall. Leaves bright green, flat or folded along central vein, up to 8 mm wide and 15 cm long. Leaf tip boat-shaped. Inflorescences with 3-8 'branches', each with two dense rows of flowers
  • Check fields weekly after crop planting for presence of weed. Consider direct control if present
  • Spreads along disturbed habitats such as roads, foot paths and rail lines. Check these areas for weed every 2 weeks.
  • Look for it along marshes, stream banks and lake shores, control when plants located
  • Hand-pull or remove by hoeing. Removal gets harder as root system gets stronger, therefore remove at seedling stage
  • Plant the finger millet crop in rows inorder to ease management of wild finger millet weed between the rows
  • Use of chemical herbicides may lead to the development of herbicide resistance.
  • When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval.
  • Pendimethalin (800g per litre of active ingredient per hectare)
  • Pendimethalin: WHO class II (moderately hazardous)
AUTHOR(S): Ronald Kawooya (NARO), Herbert Talwana (Makere University) and Patrick Wetala (NARO)

CREATED/UPDATED: February 2016
PRODUCED BY: Plantwise

©CAB International. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence.