Cookies on Plantwise Knowledge Bank

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

 

Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Plantwise Knowledge Bank

Your search results

PEST MANAGEMENT DECISION GUIDE: GREEN LIST

Coffee Berry Borer

Hypothenemus hampei
  • The coffee berry borer causes most damage in established and large scale coffee plantations where cultural practices are scarce or non-existent. The following cultural practices are important to reduce the damages:
  • Use the same variety
  • Highly shaded coffee plantations favour the proliferation of the borer. Prune and thin shading trees and coffee trees to avoid excessive shade conditions
  • Avoid movement of infested fruits in areas free of the coffee berry borer
  • Place mulch such as straw on the soil
  • Balanced fertilization
  • Control weeds
  • Timely harvest (as soon as possible)
  • After harvest, rigorously collect by hand all of the remaining fruits attached to the branches (especially the lower branches) or on the soil. Bury the fruits at 50 cm or boil if infestation level is high
  • Elimination of decaying or abandoned coffee plantations
  • Monitor developing fruits each week for infestation, from the eighth week after flowering. Divide the cropland into plots of 5 ha. From 20 plants/plot, collect 100 random fruits/plant. Cut the fruits in 2 parts and check for eggs, larvae, nymphs and adults. Sample and monitor the fallen fruits too
  • To monitor adult population levels, set 20 baited traps/ha for 3 months at the onset of the rains. See the description of the technique in the direct control section
  • Adults are black beetles. The female is 1.4-1.6 mm long X 1 mm wide, and the male is much smaller. Larvae are white, with a black head and legless
  • The female perforates around the apex and the perforations deepen towards the centre of the seeds forming galleries. If the perforations are crusts, brown or rotten, it means that the larvae are inside the seeds and protected
  • Take control measures when infestation level reaches 5 %
  • Use baited traps (16/hectare) to catch adults flying after the first rains or in inter-harvest period (when the coffee berry borer is emerging and a few fruits are available). Fill in half the handmade traps (plastic bottles with two openings) with bait (1:1 ethanol: methanol) and place in the middle of the trees (1.5 m). Check every 5 days
  • Fumigation in the morning with the fungus Beauveria bassiana 1 kg/ha when the coffee berry borer begins to attack the fruit (8 weeks after flowering)
  • Collect ripe and dry fruits every two weeks to remove reproductive sites of the coffee berry borer
  • Release of parasitoids if available in your country such as Cephalonomia stephanoderis or Prorops nasuta

CREATED/UPDATED: March 2017
PRODUCED BY: Plantwise

©CAB International. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence.