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A novel TIPT double mutation in EPSPS conferring glyphosate resistance in tetraploid Bidens subalternans.

Takano, H. K. ; Fernandes, V. N. A. ; Adegas, F. S. ; Oliveira, R. S., Jr. ; Westra, P. ; Gaines, T. A. ; Dayan, F. E.

Pest Management Science 2020 Vol 76 No. 1 pp. 95-102;


BACKGROUND: Bidens subalternans (greater beggarticks) is a tetraploid and troublesome weed infesting annual crops in most tropical regions of the world. A glyphosate-resistant (GR) B. subalternans biotype was detected in a soybean field from Paraguay. A series of physiological and molecular analyses were conducted to elucidate its resistance mechanisms. RESULTS: The GR biotype had a high level of resistance (>15-fold LD50), relative to a glyphosate-susceptible (GS) biotype. Shikimate accumulation was up to ten-fold greater for GS compared with GR. We found no differences in sensitivity when plants were treated and kept under lower (10/4°C) or higher temperatures (25/20°C). GS and GR had the same relative EPSPS gene copy number, and similar glyphosate absorption and translocation rates. Neither biotype metabolized glyphosate. A double amino acid substitution (TIPT - Thr102Ile and Pro106Thr) was found in only one EPSPS allele from one of the two EPSPS homoeologs present in tetraploid GR B. subalternans. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of a TIPT double mutation conferring high levels of glyphosate resistance in a weed species. The presence of both wild-type and TIPT mutant EPSPS on the polyploid genome of GR B. subalternans may offset a potential fitness cost, requiring additional research to confirm the absence of deleterious effects.