Recognize the problem
who cultivate vegetables such as okra, cabbage, rape and others experience difficulties
in accessing seeds from local sources. This brings about the need to import
seeds to satisfy market and farmer needs. In order to import, farmers need to
understand import procedures for Zambia.
the international plant trade requirements, Zambia has the Plant Quarantine
and Phytosanitary Service (PQPS) located within the Zambia Agriculture
Research Institute (ZARI). PQPS is responsible for movement of all plants and
plant products, including seeds, coming in and going out of Zambia. PQPS has
offices in Chilanga (Head Office), Kenneth Kaunda International Airport,
Mpika, Kapiri Mposhi, Kafue, Nakonde, Ndola, Chililabombwe, Livingstone,
Chirundu, Kazungula and Sesheke. In areas not covered by PQPS, the Provincial
Agricultural Coordinator Offices (PACO), or District Agricultural Coordinator
Offices (DACO) assist in carrying out PQPS duties. Another key institute in
seed importation is the Seed Control and Certification Institute (SCCI) located
in Chilanga, near Lusaka. SCCI is notified each time seeds are imported to
Farmer (importer) obtains
information from exporter, other farmers and/or agrotraders on intended seeds
for import: source (company, physical address and country), quantity, border
entry for the seed (e.g. Chirundu or Nakonde) and the transportation means
(air, road or rail).
- Farmer applies for/obtains
a “Notification to Import Seed” at SCCI.
- Farmer goes to nearest
PQPS office to apply for a “Plant Import Permit (PIP)”. Farmer provides the “Notification
to Import Seed” to the Plant Health Inspector (PHI) at the PQPS office.
- PHI checks if the
particular seed type has been imported before and issues the “PIP” to the
farmer. If not, the PHI carries out a Pest Risk Analysis to check for any
risks that the seed could bring to Zambia and generates conditions for a new
PIP and issues it.
- Farmer pays for the PIP at
the authorised bank (about K5 per 30MT / per truck) and shows the receipt to
the PHI to collect the PIP.
- Farmer collects the PIP
and goes to Department of Agribusiness to apply for an “Import Permit”.
- Farmer can then import.