Plantwise Factsheets for Farmers
Monitoring for Fusarium Wilt in Chillies
Recognize the problem
is caused by a fungus that lives in the soil. It damages the crop from the
roots up and travels around the plant in its
food supplying vessels. It blocks the vessels, causing the stem to turn yellow
and afterwards the younger leaves and fruit also become yellow and wilted.
Monitoring for Fusarium wilt of
chillies is very important in order to control the spread of the problem in
the field. This is important for this disease as it spreads very quickly.
- Monitoring not only helps to find
the presence of the disease in field but also indicates when to take action
- The fungus pathogen can spread over
long distances and can be carried from year to year by sowing infected seed
- It remains active through out the
year and moves from field to field
- Infected soil is transported on
shoes, farm equipment and vehicles
- Flood irrigation should be avoided
as the disease flourishes more in hot and wet conditions
the field twice a week and look for the symptoms described above, such as
yellowing of leaves
you see these symptoms, visit the field on a daily basis to control the disease
at the earliest possible opportunity
the disease using direct control measures. Make sure you have preventive measures
in place for the next season.
The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to:
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