Plantwise Factsheets for Farmers
How to export as a small-scale farmer
Recognize the problem
Farmers often earn too little money for their produce. Export of
agricultural produce is a good business. Currently this benefits briefcase businessmen
who make huge profits but small-scale farmers could also export. A huge market
within the region exists.
Zambia is exporting various agricultural produce such as maize, soya
beans and groundnuts to neighbouring countries such as Zimbabwe, Congo DR,
Malawi, Tanzania and Botswana. The demand is huge providing a great market
opportunity for small-scale farmers. The Zambia Agriculture Research Institute
through the Plant Quarantine and Phytosanitary Service is the inquiry point for
all agricultural trade. It has highly decentralised offices that are found in
almost all the districts at either the DACO’s or PACO’s offices. Some of them
include Chilanga, Chirundu, Mpika, Sesheke and Nakonde.
A farmer must get a plant
import permit from the importing country, the buyer (importer) can get one on
behalf of the farmer. The Zambia development Agency in Lusaka or provincial
headquarters can assist. The permit has the name and address of the farmer (exporter)
and of the outside buyer (importer), the type of produce, and the conditions
that Zambia should fulfil to export to that country. Show this to the
phytosanitary office at the DACO’s or PACO’s office or at the nearest border.
- The phytosanitary
officer advises the farmer (exporter) whether Zambia and the farmer are able
to meet the conditions.
- The agricultural produce
has to be inspected by a phytosanitary officer (called a Plant health
inspector) at its locality and an inspection report is issued to the farmer. The
inspection fee is K54.
- If all conditions are
fulfilled and the product is free from pests, a phytosanitary certificate is
issued immediately after paying K15.50
- Then, the farmer goes to
the Agriculture Ministry, Agribusiness and Marketing Department in Lusaka or
provincial headquarters to apply for an export permit which costs K35 and is
issued within 24hrs
- All payments are made at
any Bank such as ZANACO, Investrust, Indo-Zambia Bank using Government
- Finally, the farmer requests a certificate of origin from the Zambia
Revenue Authority in Lusaka or provincial headquarters or borders
When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval.
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