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Title Ichneumonids (Hymenoptera) and tachinid flies (Diptera) associated to leptidopterans in soybean crops.

Authors Massarolli, A.; Hoffmann, A. R. L.; Favetti, B. M.; Butnariu, A. R.

Author Affiliation Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brazil.

Journal Journal of Agricultural Science (Toronto) 2018 Vol 10 No. 7 pp. 167-173

ISSN 1916-9752


Abstract

Studies on natural enemies are important to find new species and to develop management strategies to preserve them to help control pests in biological control programs. For the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, which comprises the Amazon, Cerrado, and Pantanal biomes, few studies have been conducted on the diversity of these parasitoids, possible endemic and/or new species, as well as their potential as natural enemies. Thus, the present study was aimed at describing the diversity of parasitoids of the families Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) and Tachinidae (Diptera) associated with pest lepidopterans in soybean crops. Weekly sampling of pest lepidopterans was carried out during four soybean seasons (2009/2010, 2010/2011, 2011/2012 and 2012/2013). Parasitoid larvae were observed in the main lepidopteran pest species of soybean during the four soybean seasons. Three genera of the Ichneumonidae family, belonging to the genera Microcharops Roman, Ophionellus Westwood, and Podogaster Brullé. Six genera of the Tachinidae family occur in the state of Mato Grosso in soybean fields. The following genera were recorded: Archytas spp. Jaennicke, Phorocera spp. Robineau-Desvoidy, Gymnocarcelia spp. Townsend, Lespesia spp. Robineau-Desvoidy, Eucelatoria spp. Townsend, Chetogena spp. Rondani. These parasitoids were found parasitizing caterpillars of the Noctuidae (Lepidoptera), in species that had not yet been reported as hosts for the Neotropical region. Further studies are needed on the beneficial entomofauna and their preservation in agricultural environments.
Publication type
Journal article

Publisher
Canadian Center of Science and Education

Year of publication
2018

Location of publication
Toronto

Country of publication
Canada

Language of publication
English

Language of summary
English

Geographical location
Brazil
Mato Grosso


Record number
20183236631

Organism descriptor
Archytas
Chetogena
Eucelatoria
Glycine (Fabaceae)
Glycine max
Ichneumonidae
insects
Lespesia
Microcharops
Noctuidae
Phorocera
Tachinidae


Descriptor
arthropod pests
insect pests
natural enemies
parasites
parasitoids
pests
plant pests
soyabeans
species diversity


Identifier
Gymnocarcelia
Ophionellus
pest arthropods
pest insects
Podogaster
soybeans


Broad Term
Tachinidae
Diptera
insects
Hexapoda
arthropods
invertebrates
animals
eukaryotes
Community of Portuguese Language Countries
Developing Countries
Latin America
America
South America
Threshold Countries
Glycine (Fabaceae)
Papilionoideae
Fabaceae
Fabales
eudicots
angiosperms
Spermatophyta
plants
Hymenoptera
Brazil
Ichneumonidae
Lepidoptera