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Title Host plants record for tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) in Sudan.

Authors Mohamed, E. S. I.; Mahmoud, M. E. E.; Elhaj, M. A. M.; Mohamed, S. A.; Ekesi, S.

Author Affiliation Shambat Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation, Khartoum North, Sudan.

Journal Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 2015 Vol 45 No. 1 pp. 108-111

ISSN 0250-8052


Abstract

This paper presents the results from a survey that was carried out to determine the host plants of tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in five States in Sudan. This survey was carried out in greenhouses and open-field vegetable production areas between the years 2011 and 2014 using pheromone traps. The survey showed that the main host plant of T. absoluta is tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), but it also attacks potato (Solanum tuberosum), eggplant (S. melongena) Jimson weed (Datura stramonium) and S. dubium in the family Solanaceae, and broad bean (Vicia faba) and alfalfa plant (Medicago sativa) in the family Fabaceae. This paper is the first record of the following plans being hosts for T. absoluta: Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) in the family Cucurbitaceae, Physic nut (Jatropha curcas) in the family Euphorbiaceae, spiny amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) in the family Amaranthaceae, Ramtouk (Xanthium brasilicum) in the family Asteraceae and S. dubium. The study showed that the leafminer male numbers and the symptoms were significantly increased in S. melongena and S. dubium after severe damage and complete loss of the main host, the tomato crop and these two species may be the preferred alternative host plants.
Publication type
Journal article

Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell

Year of publication
2015

Location of publication
Oxford

Country of publication
UK

Language of publication
English

Language of summary
Russian

Geographical location
Africa South of Sahara
Sudan


Record number
20153143083

Organism descriptor
Amaranthus spinosus
Citrullus lanatus
Datura stramonium
Jatropha curcas
Medicago
Medicago sativa
Solanum lycopersicum
Solanum melongena
Solanum tuberosum
Tuta absoluta
Vicia faba
Xanthium strumarium


Descriptor
alternative hosts
aubergines
crop damage
faba beans
host range
hosts
lucerne
new host records
pheromone traps
population density
potatoes
tomatoes
watermelons


Identifier
alfalfa
brinjal
broad beans
crop injury
eggplants
fava beans
field beans
horse beans
Lycopersicon esculentum
sex attractant traps
Solanum dubium
subsaharan Africa
tic beans


Broad Term
Amaranthus
Amaranthaceae
Caryophyllales
eudicots
angiosperms
Spermatophyta
plants
eukaryotes
Citrullus
Cucurbitaceae
Cucurbitales
Datura
Solanaceae
Solanales
Jatropha
Euphorbiaceae
Malpighiales
Papilionoideae
Fabaceae
Fabales
Medicago
Solanum
Tuta
Gelechiidae
Lepidoptera
insects
Hexapoda
arthropods
invertebrates
animals
Vicia
Xanthium
Asteraceae
Asterales
ACP Countries
East Africa
Africa South of Sahara
Africa
Least Developed Countries
Developing Countries