Without smarter tools and processes for surveillance and mitigation, pest and invasive species outbreaks continue to threaten food security.
Low numbers of public extension workers mean smallholder farmers do not have access to the crop advice they need, when they need it.
In addition, many agro-input dealers lack the capacity to provide accurate diagnoses and sound crop health advice.
There is poor awareness on the hazards of excessive pesticide use among farmers, agricultural service providers and consumers.
There is not enough access to effective and affordable lower-risk alternatives to pesticides.